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The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between US Navy T-45C flight simulation training time, actual aircraft training time, and intermediate and advanced jet pilot competence as measured by the Naval Standard Score (NSS). Examining the relationships between US Navy T-45C flight simulation time and actual aircraft flight time may provide further information on flight simulation training versus actual aircraft training to aviation authorities, flight instructors, the military aviation community, the commercial aviation community, and academia. The study was non-experimental, correlational, causal-comparative with an emphasis upon the establishment of mathematic and predictive relationships using archival data from the Chief of Naval Air Training (CNATRA) Training Information System’s (TIMS) database. CNATRA aircraft hours, flight simulation hours, and NSS scores of intermediate and advanced flight students from 2015 to 2017 were analyzed and compared. Actual aircraft time was found to be a significant predictor of NSS scores for both intermediate and advanced pilot trainees. Implications of the study include recommendations for future research and strategies to improve flight simulation in pilot training.