Date of Award

Spring 4-28-2017

Document Type


Primary Advisor

Dr. Peter Althouse


This paper seeks to articulate a Pentecostal theology of worship within the framework of sacramental spirituality, asserting that music as a form of worship is a Pentecostal sacrament. After offering a literature review on the topic, the paper articulates Pentecostal sacraments as essentially participatory, transformative, and communally unifying physical actions which facilitate meaningful participation in the story of God through kinesthetic catechesis, dialectic temporality, and mutual epiclesis. It then explores the ways in which music aligns with this sacramental nature and function, recognizing music as a Pentecostal sacrament of the felt presence of the divine. Next, support for this assertion is given through historical analysis of the Azusa Street revival. Finally, the paper examines the participatory soteriological nature of music as a sacrament within a Pentecostal liturgy.