Date of Award


Document Type


Primary Advisor

Dr. Pamela Criss

Second Advisor

Dr. Erica Sirrine


It is estimated that over 7 million orphans are institutionalized worldwide ( Research has shown that while orphanages are often able to meet physical needs better than alternative forms of care, orphanage life can be harmful for the wellbeing of a child. This study evaluated orphan care at one institution in Malawi, Africa, to determine the effectiveness of care and suggest interventions that could position the children for success. Through interviews with caretakers and administrators, it was found that residential care in Malawi could be an effective form of care. The greatest needs were consistent behavioral intervention and sexual activity prevention. The results showed that with intervention and intentional caretakers, the likelihood for success was possible. Hope and spirituality gave a way for leadership and maturity at the orphanage.