Date of Award

Spring 2022

Document Type



College of Behavioral and Social Sciences

Primary Advisor

Dr. Marleen Milner


Children in care face a breakdown of the family unit, which often puts them at risk of becoming victims to complex developmental trauma, insecure or disorganized attachments, and even the delinquency system. There are 424,000 children in the United States foster care system that face these dangers (Children’s Rights, 2021). The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of Trust-Based Relational Intervention in reducing the risk factors of incarceration for children in care. The participants in this study were 85 caregivers (50 TBRI-users; 35 non-TBRI users) who were recruited via email from the Pearl Project to complete an online questionnaire. Descriptive, inferential, and predictive statistical techniques revealed that while there was not a statistically significant difference in the perception of risk factors by TBRI implementation status of study participants, (a) caregivers of foster care youth who are trained in TBRI feel better prepared to handle trauma, (b) caregivers of foster care youth who implement TBRI feel better prepared to handle trauma, (c) caregivers who are trained in TBRI are 256 times more likely to implement TBRI, and that (d) caregivers who implement TBRI “rarely” saw risk factors displayed by children and “frequently” saw protective factors.

Included in

Social Work Commons