Date of Award

Fall 2021

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)


College of Education


Department of Education

Primary Advisor

Dr. Susan Stanley

Second Advisor

Dr. Thomas Gollery

Third Advisor

Dr. David Murphy


The purpose of this non-experimental, quantitative study was to examine to what degree 12 self-reported leadership behaviors were associated with and predictive of school grades in the state of Florida. The study participant sample was exclusively comprised of educational leaders from elementary schools located in Florida. In this descriptive study, elementary principals were surveyed to determine the frequency of leadership behaviors (independent variable) and school grades (dependent variable). Two research questions and hypotheses were posed to address the study’s research problem. Research question one utilized a simple linear regression to assess the predictive variable of the overall leadership practices for the school grade. Multiple linear regressions were utilized to analyze the associations of the 12 leadership practices to predict school grade in research question two. The null hypothesis was accepted for the variable overall leadership practices for the dependent variable of elementary school grades. The leadership practice of observation of classroom instruction was the most robust leadership practice that manifested statistical significance. Keywords: principal, instructional leadership, school grades